- Djara cave is considered a natural masterpiece, and one of the most attractive areas in the oases, It’s located
- just 240 Km southeast of Farafra in the mountainous region.
- It’s age reaches
up to 40 million years old, It’s one of the rarest caves in the world,
it features a limestone sediments dangling from its ceiling up and down
in the form of foliage and others on the shape of the artichoke fruit
leaves not to mention “Ghanameh” on its ceiling which resemble
meticulous draftsmanship on glass or metal, the cave entrance is on the
ground level and it doesn’t seem to desert explorers that it is a cave,
the entrance diameter reaches up to 18 inch and it’s depth is only 25
meters and the soft sand fills it’s entrance, Inside there is a large
dome hanging from it, What it’s known as candlesticks, yarns or
Christmas tree, On the floor of the cave inside there are engraved foot
prints of foxes which live there mainly during the day and then come out
of it at night searching for food in the desert. And although that
Bedouins discovered the cave during the trading activities in the region
in the ancient times when they used to spend their resting times there
during their travels from the oases to the Nile valley and also during
the Hajj season, the formal discovery to it was in 1874 and was
registered on behalf of the German scientist “Jehardr Rolfes” during his
journey that he recorded in his book “Three months in the Libyan
desert” , he was on his way to reach “Kufra” the Libyan oasis when his
guide led him to a place called Gera. After a century of time, The
German scientist “Carlo Bergman” decided to rediscover the cave with the
help of Bedouins in 1989, its first historical scan on scientific basis
to the draftsmanship inside the cave was in 1990 by a group of
specialists in this area of Cologne, Berlin and Cairo.
Starting from 1990 to 2002 these draftsmanship and trappings have been
studied intensively within an integrated science project. When you enter
Djara cave you receive a plastic bag known as “the German bag” so that
the visitors are able to register their names and data. Inside the cave
there is also a book which contains the history of its discovery and
pictures of its German discoverer as well as the names and members of
German delegations that won’t end with the help of Bedouins. Djara cave
shows the proof of the soft life and abundant water, which dominate the
Western desert in ancient times.
- The cave has magical dimensions that grew up as a natural result of pure water and the climate of the dry desert over millions of years.
It is unlike any other cave in its formation and the shape of its wonderful sediments. These descending and ascending sedimentary forms look more like frozen waterfalls. They are the result to millions of cubic meters of underground water which leaked out through the desert sand over millions of years and created this underground cave and then deposited and condensed due to intensive heat. Wall sculptures in this cave however represent unusual activities of this area’s human such as hunting and playing insuring that these sculptures back to the age of wet Holocene.
In that time those who inhabited that area were hunters and also practiced the process of gathering and picking fruit, the sculptures also suggest that Djara area was once inhabited by people and was full of life and prosperity.